Prins, A., Ouimette, P., Kimerling, R., Cameron, R. P., Hugelshofer, D. S., Shaw-Hegwer, J., Thrailkill, A., Gusman, F.D., Sheikh, J. I. The primary care PTSD screen (PC-PTSD): development and operating characteristics. Primary Care Psychiatry. 2003: 9; 9-14. 

LeBeaua, R, Mischela, E, Resnickb, H, Kilpatrick, D, Friedman M, Craskea, M. Dimensional assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder in DSM-5. Psychiatry Research. 2014:218 (1–2);143–147.

Treatment by PCP 

Warner, C,  Warner,CM, Appenzeller,GN, Hoge, CW. Identifying and Managing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. American Family Physician. 2013: 88(12);424-34.

National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NICE). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: The Management of PTSD in Adults and Children in Primary and Secondary Care. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence:  guidance. London, UK: Gaskell; 2005.

Cohen JA, Bukstein O, Walter H, Benson SR, Chrisman A, Farchione TR, Hamilton J, Keable H, Kinlan J, Schoettle U, Siegel M, Stock S, Medicus J; AACAP Work Group On Quality Issues. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder. Jrnl Am Acad Child Adoles Psychiatry. 2010:49(4): 414-30.

Ursano, RJ, Bell, C, Eth, S, Friedman, M,  Norwood, A, Pfefferbaum, B,  Pynoos, RS,  Zatzick, DF, Benedek, DM, Working Group on ASD and PTSD.  American Psychiatric Association (APA) practice guideline on treatment of patients with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. APA. Arlington, VA. 2005.

Treatment by Behavioral Health Clinicians


Williams, MB, Poijula, S. The PTSD Workbook: Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms. New Harbinger Press. Oakland, CA. 2013. 

Raja, S. Overcoming Trauma and PTSD: A Workbook Integrating Skills from ACT, DBT, and CBT. New Harbinger Press. Oakland, CA. 2012. 

Palic, S, Elket, A. Psychosocial treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in adult refugees: a systematic review of prospective treatment outcome studies and criterion. Jrnl Affect Disorders. 2011:131(1-3):8-23.

Bisson J, Roberts NP, Andrew M, Cooper R, Lewis C. Psychological therapies for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec 13;12.

EHR Resources



What You Should Know About Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. American Family Physician. 2003:68 (12).